Las estructuras de la incertidumbre

performatividad e imprevisibilidad en las operaciones económicas

  • Elena Esposito Universidad de Módena y Reggio Emilia

Resumen

El presente artículo reflexiona sobre los presupuestos y consecuencias del concepto de performatividad (entendido como la implicación del observador en los objetos y proyectos que describe). El artículo propone una noción más amplia de performatividad que incluye no solo a la teoría, sino que se extiende también a toda la economía, la que se observa a sí misma en todas sus operaciones. Esta concepción tiene la ventaja de estar conectada con enfoques críticos dentro de la economía que destacan el papel central de la incertidumbre y la sorpresa. Se puede explicar así, cómo y por qué la performatividad se convierte en contraperformatividad y cómo los operadores financieros aprovechan la incertidumbre al orientar su comportamiento, al esperar y utilizar la imprevisibilidad del futuro.

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Palabras clave Performatividad, Observación de segundo orden, Incertidumbre, Riesgo, Derivados financieros
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Esposito, E. (2020). Las estructuras de la incertidumbre. MAD, (43), 29-46. doi:10.5354/0718-0527.2020.60650
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2020-12-31